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Adiantum pedatum

Adiantum pedatum

Common Name: Northern maidenhair fern (No Advance Orders)

Adiantum pedatum is a graceful perennial fern with black wiry stems and bright green foliage.  Fronds are twice compound and branched into finger like segments.  The delicate leaflets are small and feather shap…

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Agastache foeniculum

Agastache foeniculum

Common Name: Anise Hyssop

An upright perennial with light green angular stems.  Plants are clothed in lovely anise scented leaves. In summer, lavender to purple flower spikes draw a crowd of bees, butterflies and other pollinators.  Plants thrive in sunny well dr…

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Allium cernuum

Allium cernuum

Common Name: Nodding onion

Nodding pink flowers. Use in woods' edge, meadows, average garden soil.

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Allium stellatum

Allium stellatum

Common Name: Prairie Onion

Allium stellatum is a diminutive bulb with narrow grass-like leaves.  In summer flower scapes tower above the foliage bearing 2-3” umbrella shaped flower clusters.  The white, lavender or pink florets are star shaped and a…

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Andropogon gerardii

Andropogon gerardii

Common Name: Big bluestem

Classic grass of the tall grass prairies, tolerates a wide variety of soils in full sun, good livestock forage. 

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Andropogon virginicus

Andropogon virginicus

Common Name: Broom sedge

Short, warm season bunch grass, with golden fall color. Tolerates drought and poor soils. 

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Anemone virginiana

Anemone virginiana

Common Name: Thimble weed

This tall anemone is found in the thickets and dry open woods, great in the natural garden, and woods' edge. 

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Aquilegia canadensis

Aquilegia canadensis

Common Name: Wild columbine

One of the earliest of wildflowers to bloom, attracts hummingbirds, easy to grow. 

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Asclepias incarnata

Asclepias incarnata

Common Name: Swamp milkweed

Food source for monarch butterfly larvae, does well in any open, moist location.

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Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Common Name: Swamp milkweed

White, more compact selection of the species. Good food source for monarch butterfly larvae.   

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Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa

Common Name: Butterfly weed

Bright orange, butterfly magnet, superbly drought tolerant, a personal favorite. 

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Asclepias verticillata

Asclepias verticillata

Common Name: Eastern whorled milkweed

Fine foliage on un-branched stems. Creamy white flowers. Larval host and nectar source for the monarch butterfly. 

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Aster cordifolius

Aster cordifolius

Common Name: Blue wood aster

Good naturalizer for woods' edge and shade, does well in dry conditions. Lovely arching flower stems brighten up the shade. 

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Aster divaricatus

Aster divaricatus

Common Name: White wood aster

Good native groundcover for woods' edge and shade, does well in dry conditions. Provides a mass of small white flowers to usher in the fall season. 

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Aster ericoides

Aster ericoides

Common Name: heath aster

Along with the goldenrods and native grasses, asters are the quintessential herbaceous fall color plants of North America.  This one is a compact bushy perennial with pubescent gray-green leaves.  Aster ericoides thrives in sun a…

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Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Common Name: Snow Flurry heath aster

The fine foliage of Aster ericoides, and the trailing habit of this selection make this essential in the landscape border.  Allow it to flow over a wall, or let it ramble along the ground.  Low maintenance and salt tolerant, this can be…

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Aster laevis

Aster laevis

Common Name: Smooth blue aster

Early blooming, tolerant of a variety of conditions. 

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Aster macrophyllus

Aster macrophyllus

Common Name: Big leaf aster

Vigorously growing aster has large heart shaped basal leaves, can form dense carpets. 

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Aster novae-angliae

Aster novae-angliae

Common Name: New England aster

Lovely tall aster of wet spaces; for me its blooming means fall is coming. 

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Aster novi-belgii

Aster novi-belgii

Common Name: New York aster

Rhizomatous species with violet or blue flowers. 

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Aster pilosus

Aster pilosus

Common Name: Frost aster

Aster pilosus is a shrubby native wildflower with erect or arching stems. It is often described as a weedy species and if all humans were environmental stewards it might have no merit.  In reality though, disturbance happens and this troup…

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Aster puniceus

Aster puniceus

Common Name: Purple stemmed aster

Found along creeks, pond's edge. Great naturalizer for moist areas. 

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Aster spectabilis

Aster spectabilis

Common Name: Showy aster

Bright violet single, graceful blooms encircle a yellow disk near the top of arching stem with grass green foliage. Found along pond's edge, stream banks, and open meadows. Perfectly simple, and simply perfect. Shared with us by our friend Jas…

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Athyrium filix-femina

Athyrium filix-femina

Common Name: Lady Fern (No Advance Orders)

Athyrium filix-femina is a hardy perennial fern with arching feathery fronds.   Foliage is twice compound with each frond consisting of 12-24 pairs of small narrow leaflets.  The leaflets and supporting stalks are a soothing lime …

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Baptisia australis

Baptisia australis

Common Name: Blue false indigo

A long lived perennial with spikes of blue pea-shaped flowers, glossy green trifoliate leaves. 

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Blephilia ciliata

Blephilia ciliata

Common Name: Downy wood mint

Stout central stem has prominent ridges. The top half of the stem is perforated by whorled clusters of white, light pink, or blue flowers. Attracts a wide variety of bees. Most commonly found in open areas. Shared with us by our friend Peter He…

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Boltonia asteroides

Boltonia asteroides

Common Name: Thousand-flowered aster

Explodes into bloom in late summer, lives up to its common name. 

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Bouteloua curtipendula

Bouteloua curtipendula

Common Name: Sideoats grama

Bouteloua curtipendula is a petite clump forming perennial grass.  In late spring arching culms rise above the wiry bluish-green leaves.  The culms are adorned with dangling purple tinted spikes and orange stamens.  The…

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Bouteloua gracilis

Bouteloua gracilis

Common Name: Blue Grama

Bouteloua gracilis is a petite clump forming perennial grass.  In summer upright culms rise above the wiry bluish-green foliage bearing horizontal green and purple tinged spikes.  The unique spikes and seedheads are reminiscent of hovering …

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Caltha palustris

Caltha palustris

Common Name: Marsh marigold

A succulent early blooming species for wet spaces. Glossy heart-shaped leaves accompany shiny large buttercup-like flowers. Great addition to the water garden.

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Campanula rotundifolia

Campanula rotundifolia

Common Name: Harebell

Circumboreal. One half to one inch wide, blue, bell-shaped flowers. Needs good drainage. 

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Campsis radicans

Campsis radicans

Common Name: Trumpet creeper

Campsis radicans is a robust native vine with a striking tropical appearance.  Plants have bright green compound leaves and aerial roots that allow the stems to attach and climb.  In summer, vines are clothed with red to orange…

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Carex cherokeensis

Carex cherokeensis

Common Name: Cherokee sedge

Evergreen, clumping sedge with wheat-like pendulous seed heads form in spring and mature in autumn. Marginally drought tolerant, may suffer in extended drought conditions. Valuable garden accent, or for low spots, pond and stream edge.

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Carex comosa

Carex comosa

Common Name: Bristly sedge

Erect clumps of triangular stems form from short rhizomes. Drooping spikelets impart a bottlebrush effect. Found along ponds, lakes, in wetlands and wet meadows, providing food and cover for water fowl.

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Carex crinita

Carex crinita

Common Name: Fringed sedge

This sedge is suited for shaded wetlands, it has blue/green foliage and drooping seed heads.

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Carex lurida

Carex lurida

Common Name: Lurid sedge

Excellent plant for wetland restoration, interesting seed heads make it a good choice for ornamental ponds. 

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Carex muskingumensis

Carex muskingumensis

Common Name: Palm sedge

This distinctive sedge resembles a miniature palm. Slow, creeping.

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Carex pensylvanica

Carex pensylvanica

Common Name: Pennsylvania sedge

Stoloniferous sod forming species for dry shade, one of the first to green up in the spring.

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Carex scoparia

Carex scoparia

Common Name: Broom Sedge

Carex scoparia is a fine textured clumping cool season sedge.  In summer triangular leafy stems rise above the tufts of narrow grass-like foliage.  The culms bear scaly green to tan bullet shaped flower clusters that transition i…

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Carex sprengelii

Carex sprengelii

Common Name: Long Beaked Sedge

Carex sprengelii is a lovely cool season woodland sedge.  Plants form small colonies from short rhizomes.  Foliage is bright green to chartreuse and semi-evergreen with narrow glossy blades.  In early spring greenish-white o…

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Carex stipata

Carex stipata

Common Name: Awl-fruited sedge

Carex stipata is a sprawling wetland sedge that expands from short rhizomes.  New leaves are bright green and fountain-like.  In spring culms rise above the foliage bearing prickly flower clusters.  The green inflorescences …

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Carex stricta

Carex stricta

Common Name: Tussock sedge

This beautiful sedge deserves a spot in the ornamental water garden, great form. 

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Carex vulpinoidea

Carex vulpinoidea

Common Name: Fox sedge

Tough and adaptable, should be used in all wetlands restoration projects. 

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Chasmanthium latifolium

Chasmanthium latifolium

Common Name: Northern seaoates

Clump forming perennial warm season grass.  In spring several slender unbranched culms rise from the underground rhizomes or elongate from winter rosettes.  The culms bear light green spear shaped leaf blades.  The culms terminat…

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Chelone glabra

Chelone glabra

Common Name: Turtlehead

Chelone glabra is an upright perennial with stout stems and shiny deep green leaves.  In late summer and fall, stems are topped by lovely clusters of white snapdragon like flowers.  The individual blooms are about an inch long and are …

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Chrysogonum virginianum

Chrysogonum virginianum

Common Name: Golden star

Good ground cover for well drained shade. 

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Clematis virginiana

Clematis virginiana

Common Name: Virgin's bower

This vine produces numerous showy clusters of white blossoms, seed provides equal ornamental appeal.

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Coreopsis lanceolata

Coreopsis lanceolata

Common Name: Lanceleaf tickseed

Thrives in poor, sandy, rocky soils. Tolerant of heat and drought. Hairy lance-shaped leaves remain low. One to two inch yellow ray flowers bloom atop slender, erect stems. 

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Coreopsis tripteris

Coreopsis tripteris

Common Name: Tall coreopsis

Dozens of single yellow flowers, very showy. Will reseed. 

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Coreopsis verticillata

Coreopsis verticillata

Common Name: Thread leaf tickseed

Drought tolerant and carefree, great for combining with grasses. 

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Dalea purpurea

Dalea purpurea

Common Name: Purple Prairie Clover

An unbranched multi-stemmed perennial wildflower that grows from a stout taproot.  Plants have fine textured deep green bean-like foliage.  As mid-summer approaches, stems are crowned by dense cylinder shaped spikes of lovely rosy-purple…

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Deschampsia caespitosa

Deschampsia caespitosa

Common Name: Tufted hairgrass

Deschampsia cespitosa is a robust clump forming perennial grass.  The tufted foliage is narrow, fine textured and usually evergreen.  Airy panicles of purplish green florets with hair like awns form in summer.  They mature into a …

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Deschampsia caespitosa 'Goldtau'

Deschampsia caespitosa 'Goldtau'

Common Name: gold dew tufted hair grass

A robust clump forming perennial grass.  The tufted foliage is narrow, fine textured and usually evergreen.  Airy panicles of golden florets with hair like awns form in late summer.  They mature into a buff color and remain until …

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Deschampsia flexuosa

Deschampsia flexuosa

Common Name: Crinkled hairgrass

Deschampsia flexuosa is a cool season clumping perennial grass.  The tufted evergreen foliage is narrow and finely textured.  In late spring airy panicles of silvery or purplish florets with hair like awns rise above the fo…

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Echinacea palida

Echinacea palida

Common Name: Pale Purple Coneflower

Echinacea pallida is a sturdy unbranched perennial with slender lance-shaped leaves.  In summer plants are crowned by lovely daisy-like flowers with bold reddish central cones and slender drooping pale violet rays.  This low …

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Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea

Common Name: Purple coneflower

Butterfly magnet, goldfinch love the seeds as well. Drought tolerant, tolerates wide range of conditions. 

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Elymus hystrix

Elymus hystrix

Common Name: Bottlebrush grass

Elymus hystrix is a clump forming cool season perennial grass.  Plants form loose upright tufts of rough textured bright green blades.  In summer pale green bottlebrush like inflorescences are displayed above the foliage.  …

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Elymus virginicus

Elymus virginicus

Common Name: Virginia wild rye

Elymus virginicus is a clump forming cool season perennial grass.  The tufted foliage is narrow and evergreen or semi-evergreen.  Blades have a green or silver blue color and a waxy sheen.  Bristly wheat-like spikey flower …

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Equisetum hyemale

Equisetum hyemale

Common Name: Scouring Rush

Equisetum hyemale is a vigorous evergreen perennial with a striking vertical habit.  Plants produce multiple bamboo-like dark green stems arranged in dense clumps. This handsome rush-like plant adapts to a wide variety of growing …

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Eragrostis spectabilis

Eragrostis spectabilis

Common Name: Purple love grass

Eragrostis spectabilis is a warm season perennial grass with a phenomenal range of seasonal color and texture.  In spring, petite plants form a loose open mound of blue-green blades.  In summer, foliage is topped by attractive ne…

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Eupatorium coelestinum

Eupatorium coelestinum

Common Name: Mistflower

Great in a natural meadow, along creek banks, as well as the border. Forms small colonies. 

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Eupatorium dubium

Eupatorium dubium

Common Name: Three-nerved Joe pye

Think of it as the Joe that never really grew up! Shorter, much friendlier to smaller gardens and spaces. 

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Eupatorium fistulosum

Eupatorium fistulosum

Common Name: Joe pye weed

Huge, founded flower heads. Butterflies love it. 

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Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Common Name: Hyssop leaved boneset

Prefers to be on the dry side, great with grasses, and golden rods. 

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Eupatorium maculatum

Eupatorium maculatum

Common Name: Spotted Joe pye weed

Light purple flower heads, many reaching up to 8 inches across. Lightly fragrant, especially attracts the swallowtail butterfly, along with many other pollinators. 

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Eupatorium perfoliatum

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Name: Boneset

Another one for wet spaces found along streams and at woods' edge. 

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Eupatorium purpureum

Eupatorium purpureum

Common Name: Sweet Joe pye weed

Found in thickets and open woods this Joe Pye tolerates some shade, sweet odor when crushed. 

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Euphorbia corollata

Euphorbia corollata

Common Name: Flowering spurge (No Advance Orders)

Often refered to as native baby's breath, this plant flowers for a period of about 6 weeks in mid to late summer.  Clusters of white flowers, each with 5 petals with a kiss of green at the base encircling a yellow center.&#…

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Gentiana andrewsii

Gentiana andrewsii

Common Name: Closed bottle gentian (No Advance Orders)

Sprawling perennial wildflower with lance shaped lustrous leaves.  In late summer and autumn, foliage is topped by clusters of bottle shaped blue to violet flowers.  The mature blooms look like large flower buds because they remai…

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Geranium maculatum

Geranium maculatum

Common Name: Wild Geranium (No Advance Orders)

Lovely spring blooming wildflower that forms 1-3’ tall mounds.  Plants have semi-evergreen deeply lobed leaves.  In spring, foliage is crowned by loose clusters of saucer shaped 5 petaled lilac colored flowers.  Wild geranium is …

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Geum triflorum

Geum triflorum

Common Name: Prairie Smoke

Geum triflorum forms low leafy rosettes of evergreen fern-like foliage.  In spring, flower stalks rise to about 1’ and are topped by umbels with 3 nodding pinkish-red florets. Clusters of achenes with showy pink feathery tails follow …

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Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale

Common Name: Common sneezeweed

It doesn't make you sneeze. Occurs in wet meadows and moist places. 

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Helenium autumnale 'Helena Red Shades'

Helenium autumnale 'Helena Red Shades'

Common Name: Helena Red Shades common sneezeweed

Upright clumping wildflower cultivar with elongated bright green leaves.  From mid-summer until autumn foliage is crowned by an abundance of coppery red daisy-like flowers. This adaptable plant will grow in any site that has sun or part sun and …

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Helenium flexuosum

Helenium flexuosum

Common Name: purple-headed sneezeweed

Golden yellow reflexed petals encircle a brownish purple center disk from August through October.  Native to eastern and midwestern US. 

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Helianthus angustifolia

Helianthus angustifolia

Common Name: Swamp sunflower

Numerous, bright blooms, narrow shiny deep green leaves. A spectacular show. Should be kept moist for best performance. 

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Helianthus decapetalus

Helianthus decapetalus

Common Name: Ten petaled sunflower

Spreads by rhizome and reseeds abundantly. Tough. 

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Helianthus divaricatus

Helianthus divaricatus

Common Name: Woodland sunflower

Found in open rocky woods and thickets. This sunflower brightens up dappled shade. 

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Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides

Common Name: Ox-eye sunflower

Blooms early and for a long period of time, birds love the seeds. 

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Hibiscus moscheutos

Hibiscus moscheutos

Common Name: Swamp mallow

The large blossoms grab your attention, found in swamps and wet meadows, this plant is great for ponds. 

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Iris cristata

Iris cristata

Common Name: Dwarf Crested Iris (No Advance Orders)

Elegant groundcover for a well drained location. tolerates full sun in areas that are consistently moist. NAO

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Iris cristata 'Powder Blue Giant'

Iris cristata 'Powder Blue Giant'

Common Name: Dwarf Crested Iris (No Advance Orders)

A diminutive mat-forming wildflower cultivar. In spring plants carpet the ground with myriads of blue-violet irises.  This spring beauty prospers in woodland settings with average well drained soils. NAO. 

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Iris cristata 'Tennessee White'

Iris cristata 'Tennessee White'

Common Name: Dwarf crested iris (No Advance Orders)

Prolific, white blooms with yellow crests. Tends to bloom earlier and longer than the straight species. Adaptable and vigorous, it will quickly form a groundcover. NAO

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Iris versicolor

Iris versicolor

Common Name: Blue flag

Iris versicolor is a vigorous perennial that forms small colonies from a network of underground rhizomes.  Plants produce clumps of distinctive narrow pointed leaves. In spring, foliage is topped by lovely blue irises. This unique wild…

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Juncus effusus

Juncus effusus

Common Name: Soft rush

Juncus effusus is an evergreen perennial with a striking vertical habit.  Plants produce multiple culms arranged in dense tufts. The narrow stems are rounded and lustrous green with pointed tips and no obvious leaves.  In summer loose …

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Juncus tenuis

Juncus tenuis

Common Name: Path rush

Juncus tenuis is a diminutive rush that grows in dense clumps of upright cylindrical stems.  Inconspicuous leaves are initiated near the ground at the stem base.  In late spring, greenish brown inflorescences are borne on the stems in …

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Liatris microcephala

Liatris microcephala

Common Name: Appalachian blazing star

A dwarf blazing star, grass-like leaves, many flowering spikes, needs good drainage. Cute.

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Liatris pycnostachya

Liatris pycnostachya

Common Name: Prairie Blazing Star

This blazing star is the tallest Liatris species in cultivation.  Pycnostachya in Greek means crowded, and in this case it references the crowded leaves and flowers.  Some consider this plant too tall for the ornamental border, but exc…

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Liatris spicata

Liatris spicata

Common Name: Dense blazing star

Liatris spicata is a handsome gayfeather with a tall unbranched habit.  The stems are covered in attractive long narrow leaves.  In summer foliage is topped by rosy-purple spiky flowers and surrounded by a bevy of butterflies.  Plants …

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Liatris spicata 'Floristan White'

Liatris spicata 'Floristan White'

Common Name: Floristan White blazing star

‘Floristan White’ is a free flowering gayfeather cultivar.  The stems are covered in attractive long narrow leaves.  In summer foliage is topped by creamy white spiky flowers and surrounded by a bevy of butterfl…

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Liatris spicata 'Kobold'

Liatris spicata 'Kobold'

Common Name: Kobold Blazing star

Liatris spicata ‘Kobold’ is a free flowering compact gayfeather cultivar.  The stems are covered in attractive long narrow leaves.  In summer foliage is topped by rosy-purple spiky flowers and surrounded by a bevy o…

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Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis

Common Name: Cardinal flower

Lobelia cardinalis is a clump forming perennial wildflower with toothed lance shaped leaves. In late summer stems are topped by spiky racemes of vibrant scarlet florets. The blooms are irresistible to hummingbirds and butterflies. Plants pros…

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Lobelia siphilitica

Lobelia siphilitica

Common Name: Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica is a clump forming perennial wildflower with toothed lance shaped leaves.  In late summer stems are topped by spiky racemes of intense blue-violet florets.  The blooms entice bees, hummingbirds and butterfli…

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Lysimachia lanceolata

Lysimachia lanceolata

Common Name: Lance-leaved loostrife

Lysimachia lanceolata is a slender upright perennial wildflower.  Plants are less than 2’ tall with lance shaped opposite leaves.  In summer cheerful yellow flower appear in the upper leaf axils.  The attractive b…

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Mimulus ringens

Mimulus ringens

Common Name: Square stem monkey flower

A multi-stemmed bushy perennial wildflower.  The square light green stems are clothed in pairs of clasping lance shaped leaves.   In summer, blue-purple flowers are displayed in the upper leaf axils.  The blooms are asymmetrical…

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Monarda didyma

Monarda didyma

Common Name: Scarlet Bee Balm

A sturdy perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps. Plants bear deep green aromatic leaves on strong square stems.  In summer, they are topped by showy rounded clusters of red to purplish tubular flowers.  Pollinators flock…

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Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa

Common Name: Wild bergamot

A sturdy perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps.  This beebalm bears deep green aromatic leaves on strong square stems.  In summer, plants are topped by showy rounded clusters of fragrant lavender tubular flowers.  …

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Monarda fistulosa 'Claire Grace'

Monarda fistulosa 'Claire Grace'

Common Name: Claire Grace Bee Balm

Claire Grace is a better selection for dryer locations.  Mildew resistant. Pinkish Purpler flowers from early summer to early autumn.  Is Deer resistant, salt tolerant, and butterfly magnet.

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Monarda punctata

Monarda punctata

Common Name: Horsemint

Monarda punctata is a multi-stemmed unbranched perennial wildflower.  This beebalm bears narrow aromatic leaves on purplish stems.  In summer, plants are topped by showy rounded clusters of creamy purple-spotted tubular flowers.  …

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Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'

Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'

Common Name: Atlantic coastal panic grass

Panicum amarum ‘Dewey Blue’ is a rhizomatous warm season grass cultivar.  This lovely perennial has a fountain like habit and frosty blue green linear leaves.  In fall fertile culms are topped by airy straw col…

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Panicum virgatum

Panicum virgatum

Common Name: Switch grass

Panicum virgatum is an elegant vase shaped grass with an abundance of seasonal interest. In spring, a fresh crop of glaucous stems and graceful bluish-green arching leaves rise from the earth.  Mature plants are statuesque and crowned with …

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Panicum virgatum 'Heiliger Hain'

Panicum virgatum 'Heiliger Hain'

Common Name: Heiliger Hain switch grass

Bluish green foliage on more compact plants that grow 28 inches tall, with pinkish beige flowers that rise to 48” in summer.   Foliage turns a vibrant burgundy red in autumn.  Excellent size for the landscape as well as fo…

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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Common Name: Virginia creeper

Aggressive grower, tolerates all light levels, it's worth growing for the beautiful fall color alone.

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Penstemon calycosus

Penstemon calycosus

Common Name: Calico penstemon

Penstemon calycosus is a graceful perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps.  This beardtongue bears deep green toothed leaves on strong upright stems.  In summer, plants are topped by showy panicles of tubular…

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Penstemon digitalis

Penstemon digitalis

Common Name: Beard tongue

Penstemon digitalis is an elegant perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps.  This beardtongue bears deep green leaves on strong upright stems.  In summer, plants are topped by showy panicles of tubular snapdra…

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Penstemon hirsutus

Penstemon hirsutus

Common Name: Hairy Beardtongue

This is a very easy to grow Penstemon since it is so adaptable.  Grows in Full Sun to Full Shade in moist to dry locations.  Hairy stems give it its name.  Flowers purple from May to June.  

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Phlox caroliniana

Phlox caroliniana

Common Name: Carolina Phlox

Phlox carolina is an upright perennial wildflower with bright green oval leathery leaves.  In late spring, foliage is topped by loose clusters of showy lavender to pink flowers.  Carolina phlox thrives in sunny or brightly shaded…

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Phlox divaricata

Phlox divaricata

Common Name: Woodland Phlox

Phlox divaricata is a lovely spring ephemeral wildflower that forms foot tall clumps.  Plants have semi-evergreen oval or lance shaped deep green leaves.  In early spring, foliage is crowned by loose clusters of showy pinkish-lavender …

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Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'

Common Name: Woodland phlox

Phlox divaricata ‘Blue Moon’ is a handsome compact cultivar of our native woodland phlox.  Plants have semi-evergreen lance shaped deep green leaves.  In early spring, foliage is topped by loose clusters of large show…

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Phlox maculata

Phlox maculata

Common Name: Wild sweet William

Phlox maculata is an upright perennial wildflower with bright green lance shaped leathery leaves.  In summer, the glossy foliage is topped by large conical clusters of fragrant pinkish-purple flowers.  Meadow phlox forms colonies…

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Phlox paniculata

Phlox paniculata

Common Name: Summer phlox

Phlox paniculata is an upright perennial wildflower with oval or oblong leaves.  In summer, the deep green foliage is topped by large flat headed or slightly rounded clusters of fragrant magenta or lavender-pink flowers.  Summer phlox …

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Phlox stolonifera

Phlox stolonifera

Common Name: Creeping phlox

Low growing, tolerant of heavy shade, and tolerant of more sun in cooler climates. Shared with us by our friend Peter Heus, Enchanger's Garden. 

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Physostegia virginiana

Physostegia virginiana

Common Name: Obedient plant

A robust perennial wildflower with bold lance shaped leaves.  In late summer and early fall, foliage is topped by graceful lavender, pinkish or white spikey inflorescences.  The individual florets are tubular and similar to snapdragons.&#…

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Pycnanthemum muticum

Pycnanthemum muticum

Common Name: Short-toothed mountain mint

An aromatic perennial wildflower.  This mint relative bears oval toothed leaves on strong square stems.  In summer, plants are topped by dense rounded clusters of tiny white to lavender tubular flowers.  The leaves surrounding the f…

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Ratibida pinnata

Ratibida pinnata

Common Name: Grey-Headed Coneflower

Long blooming and showy plant for the sunny border, native plant garden, meadow or prairie. Best massed because individual plants are narrow and somewhat sparsely leafed. Prefers clay or sandy soils.  

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Rudbeckia hirta

Rudbeckia hirta

Common Name: Sweet black-eyed Susan

Probably the most drought tolerant of the susans, re-seeds with abandon. Rudbeckia hirta is an adaptable wildflower with flexible lance shaped leaves.  Plants are topped by showy terminal daisy-like flowers in summer.  The blooms …

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Rudbeckia laciniata

Rudbeckia laciniata

Common Name: Green-headed coneflower

Deeply cut leaves, with drooping yellow ray flowers on 4-foot stems, likes wet feet. A native clump forming perennial with multiple upright stems.  The leaves are large, dark green and deeply lobed.  From summer until fall folia…

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Rudbeckia laciniata 'Autumn Sun'

Rudbeckia laciniata 'Autumn Sun'

Common Name: Autumn Sun cut-leaf coneflower

Rudbeckia laciniata Autumn Sun is a selection of a native clump forming perennial with multiple upright stems.  The leaves are large, dark green and deeply lobed.  From summer until fall foliage is topped with clusters o…

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Rudbeckia triloba

Rudbeckia triloba

Common Name: Brown-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia triloba is a bushy biennial or short lived perennial wildflower.   Leaves are toothed and pubescent with three lobes.  From mid-summer until autumn plants are crowned with a profusion of dainty daisies.  Individual …

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Schizachyrium scoparium

Schizachyrium scoparium

Common Name: Little bluestem

Schizachyrium scoparium is a mounding grass with narrow green or blue-green foliage.   In late summer inconspicuous flowers are held on branched stems above the leaves. Fluffy light catching seed clusters follow.  Fo…

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Scirpus atrovirens

Scirpus atrovirens

Common Name: Green bulrush

Scirpus atrovirens is a rhizomatous warm season perennial sedge relative. Plants produce multiple culms with arching or drooping olive green leaves. In summer, fertile culms bear rounded yellow-green compound inflorescences followed by d…

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Scirpus cyperinus

Scirpus cyperinus

Common Name: Wool grass

Scirpus cyperinus is a rhizomatous perennial that grows in dense tussocks of arching basal leaves.  Plants produce upright unbranched culms with ascending or spreading medium green leaves.  In summer, the culms are topped with rounded …

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Scirpus pungens

Scirpus pungens

Common Name: Common three-squared bulrush

Scirpus pungens is a rhizomatous warm season perennial sedge relative. Plants produce upright sharply triangular pithy 4’ culms.  Leaves are lower growing, basal and similar to the culms in appearance.  In summer, culms b…

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Scirpus validus (tabernaemontani)

Scirpus validus (tabernaemontani)

Common Name: Soft stemmed bulrush

Scirpus validus is a rhizomatous cool season perennial with tall dark green triangular culms.  Leaf sheaths wrap the culm but blades are insignificant or absent.  From summer until fall, the stems are topped by pendulous reddish brown …

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Sedum ternatum

Sedum ternatum

Common Name: three-leaved stone crop

A mat forming evergreen wildflower.   Leaves are small and blue-green.  In early summer, sprays of starry white flowers tower to 6”.  In the wild, this lovely sedum grows in close proximity to calcareous rocks.

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Senecio smalli

Senecio smalli

Common Name: Smalls ragwort

Upland version of the golden ragwort. Semi-evergreen this mounding perennial with long narrow basal leaves. In spring clusters of golden-yellow daisies rise above the foliage on sturdy stems.  Plants form large colonies over time in sunny…

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Solidago caesia

Solidago caesia

Common Name: Blue-stem goldenrod

From late summer into fall plants are graced with yellow axillary flower racemes.  Plants are tough and adaptable prospering in part sun or part shade with mesic or average soil.

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Solidago canadensis 'Crown of Rays'

Solidago canadensis 'Crown of Rays'

Common Name: Canadian goldenrod

Solidago canadensis ‘Crown of Rays’ is a compact clumping perennial wildflower. This cultivar is robust but less vigorous than the parent species.  Plants have sturdy stems and lance shaped leaves. From late summer unti…

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Solidago flexicaulis

Solidago flexicaulis

Common Name: Zig-zag goldenrod

A great choice for dry shade, brightens up the woodlands in the fall.  From late summer into fall plants are topped with elongated yellow flower clusters. Smaller axillary flower racemes develop lower on the stem.

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Solidago graminifolia

Solidago graminifolia

Common Name: Grass-leaved goldenrod

Upright perennial wildflower.  Leaves are alternate, linear and grass-like.  From late summer into fall stems are terminated with flat topped yellow flower clusters. Plants are tough, vigorous and adaptable, prospering in sunny or p…

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Solidago nemoralis

Solidago nemoralis

Common Name: Prairie goldenrod

Rhizomatous. Favors poor soils, sand, clay, or gravel, but will flourish in the fertile soils as well. narrow nodding wands of numerous yellow compound flowers. 

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Solidago rigida

Solidago rigida

Common Name: Stiff goldenrod

An upright unbranched perennial wildflower with sturdy pubescent stems.  Leaves are lance shaped or elliptical with a bluntly rounded tip. In late summer and autumn, attractive golden-yellow flat topped flower clusters appear.  Plants ar…

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Solidago speciosa

Solidago speciosa

Common Name: Showy goldenrod

Solidago speciosa is an unbranched clumping perennial wildflower with narrowly oval foliage.  From late summer until autumn, plants are topped by attractive pyramidal golden-yellow flower panicles.  This lovely goldenrod prosp…

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Sorghastrum nutans

Sorghastrum nutans

Common Name: Indian grass

Sorghastrum nutans is an elegant clump forming warm season grass. In spring and early summer, plants form low growing tufts of graceful bluish-green arching leaves.  As summer progresses, the culms rise and are topped by attract…

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Sporobolus airoides

Sporobolus airoides

Common Name: Alkali Sacaton

A petite warm season bunch grass.  Plants form attractive mounds of slender gray-green arching leaves.  In late spring one or more culms rises above the foliage bearing airy panicles of pinkish spikelets.  The florets mature into sma…

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Sporobolus heterolepis

Sporobolus heterolepis

Common Name: Prairie dropseed

Sporobolis heterolepis is a petite warm season perennial grass.  Plants form attractive mounds of slender deep green arching leaves.  In late spring one or more culms rises above the foliage bearing airy panicles of olive, s…

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Thermopsis villosa

Thermopsis villosa

Common Name: Carolina lupine

Thermopsis villosa is an upright clumping perennial with bright green clover-like foliage.  In early summer, plants are topped by spires of buttery yellow pea-shaped flowers.  Plants thrive in sunny gardens with average well…

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Tiarella 'New Moon Motley'

Tiarella 'New Moon Motley'

Common Name: New Moon Motley foam flower

New Moon Motley is a selections of red variegated leaved foam flowers.  Some are runners and while others are clumpers, and include leaf shapes of oak, maple, skeleton key, and heart shapes, all having red coloration in the foliage.  

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Tiarella cordifolia

Tiarella cordifolia

Common Name: Creeping foam flower

Tiarella cordifolia is a low mounding wildflower that forms foot tall clumps.  Plants have heart shaped lobed leaves that may have reddish or purplish veins.  In spring, foliage is crowned by spikey racemes of starry pinkish w…

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Tiarella cordifolia wherryi

Tiarella cordifolia wherryi

Common Name: Foam flower

Tiarella wherryi is a low mounding or clumping wildflower with heart shaped lobed leaves.  The blades are adorned with reddish or purplish veins.  In spring, foliage is crowned by spikey racemes of starry white florets.  …

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Tradescantia ohiensis

Tradescantia ohiensis

Common Name: Ohio spiderwort

Tradescantia ohiensis a robust perennial with multiple stems bearing narrow pointed blue-green leaves. In late spring, foliage is topped by small clusters of violet florets. This unique wildflower thrives in prairies, on sunny roadsides …

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Tradescantia ohiensis 'Mrs. Loewer'

Tradescantia ohiensis 'Mrs. Loewer'

Common Name: Ohio Spiderwort

‘Mrs. Loewer’ is a perennial wildflower cultivar.  Plants produce multi-stemmed clumps with narrow pointed blue-green leaves. In late spring, foliage is topped by small clusters of light blue florets. This unique wildflow…

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Tradescantia virginiana

Tradescantia virginiana

Common Name: Spider lily

Robust perennial with multiple stems bearing narrow pointed olive green leaves. In late spring, foliage is topped by small clusters of violet florets. This charming wildflower thrives in open woods or in partly sunny gardens with average soil.

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Verbena hastata

Verbena hastata

Common Name: Blue vervain

A clumping perennial with stiff erect squarish stems.  Leaves are opposite with coarse teeth.  In summer, plants are topped by narrow spikey panicles of small tubular purple flowers.  Plants thrive in full or part sun in moist or wet…

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Vernonia lettermannii 'Iron Butterfly'

Vernonia lettermannii 'Iron Butterfly'

Common Name: Iron Butterfly ironweed

Vernonia lettermannii ‘Iron Butterfly’ is a low mounding perennial wildflower with narrow fine textured foliage.  In late summer plants are covered by small clusters of royal purple disc florets.  Butterflies …

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Vernonia noveborecensis

Vernonia noveborecensis

Common Name: New York ironweed

Vernonia noveborecensis is a tall robust perennial wildflower with numerous lance shaped leaves.  In late summer plants are crowned by large corymbs of royal purple disc florets.  Butterflies and other pollinators flock to the blooms. …

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Veronicastrum virginicum

Veronicastrum virginicum

Common Name: Culver root

Veronicastrum virginicum is a tall robust perennial wildflower with attractive whorled leaves.  In early and mid-summer plants are crowned by spiky racemes densely packed with tiny tubular white florets. The inflorescences bra…

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Zizia aptera

Zizia aptera

Common Name: Heartleaf Alexander's

Zizia aptera is a 1-3’ tall upright perennial wildflower with glossy heart shaped basal leaves. From late spring to early summer flowering stems elongate bearing showy flat topped clusters of small yellow florets. Scads of beneficial…

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Zizia aureus

Zizia aureus

Common Name: Golden Alexander's

Zizia aurea is a 1-3’ tall upright perennial wildflower with glossy compound basal leaves. From late spring to early summer flowering stems elongate bearing showy umbrella shaped clusters of small yellow florets. Scads of beneficial …

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